The Most Isolated Communities on Earth

The Most Isolated Communities on Earth


Here are a few of the most isolated communities
on earth, but just wait until you hear how densely packed this island is! 9 – Migingo Island
Where does Africa’s smallest conflict take place? That would be on Migingo Island, an extremely
small yet densely populated island located on Lake Victoria in Africa! The island is only around half an acre in
size, but has over 131 residents. The people living on this island are mostly
fishermen. If you can’t tell from the pictures, let’s
just point out that the island is overcrowded and there isn’t a lot of space between the
houses. Although this island is extremely tiny, it
is a great spot for fishermen to do business. The surrounding waters are full of Nile perch,
which is a valuable export to Europe. And that’s why this island is home to Africa’s
smallest conflict. The rock island, with its poorly constructed
huts, a tiny port, some bars, AND an open-air casino, is heavily contested by Kenya and
Uganda! What’s really at stake are the valuable
fishing waters surrounding the island. Many different species of fish have greatly
diminished over the years around Lake Victoria because of overfishing and other factors. But increasingly profitable species such as
the Nile perch are still plentiful in the deep waters surrounding Migingo. THAT makes the island a valuable and unique
fishing hub. Uganda started to send armed police and their
marines to Migingo to tax the fishermen and offer them protection against pirates in 2004
when the island was still barely inhabited. Does this sound like a mafia tactic yet?! So the Kenyan fishermen started complaining
to the Kenyan government that they were being harassed by the Ugandan forces. Uganda was accusing the Kenyan fisherman of
illegally fishing in Ugandan waters. In response, the Kenyan government deployed
THEIR marines to Migingo! The price of Nile perch has steadily increased
over the last five years. It’s become an even bigger multimillion-dollar
export. And the rising price has brought more and
more fishermen to the island. So what’s the situation now? Kenya and Uganda decided to create a joint
committee to determine the border in 2016, relying on maps dating from the 1920s. However, nothing has come out of the committee. They’re still fighting it out! In the meantime, the island is co-managed
by both countries but tensions still occasionally flare up!
8 – Aogashima Island Aogashima Island is the toughest island to
reach among the islands in Japan. The island is located only around 222 miles
away from the center of Tokyo. And that’s why the island is under administration
by the city government of Tokyo. The entire island is quite small. It’s just 2.1 miles in length and one and
a half miles in width! The whole island only has one postal address
and packages and mail are delivered by the recipient’s name only. There aren’t any restaurants on the island,
except for a couple of Japanese bars. So people who are staying at the hotels are
actually served food by the hotel! There isn’t much produced on the island,
but it turns out that some families on the island actually produce shochu, a Japanese
liquor! And shochu produced on Aogashima is known
for its quality! So how many people live on the island? The population is roughly estimated at around
180 people. The island’s population has decreased steadily
over the last 70 years, from 450 villagers to 178 villagers according to the most recent
census. However, it’s understandable because the
island is home to a volcano! That’s a pretty good reason why this island
is so scarcely populated! Aogashima is still considered an active Class-C
volcano, although it last erupted in the 1780′s. That wiped out half of the island’s population,
and it forced the remaining inhabitants to leave. After the eruption, no one lived on the island
for almost 50 years! However, having a volcano on the island isn’t
the worst thing, especially if it hasn’t erupted in over 230 years. They’re blessed with hot springs and natural
saunas because of the volcano. It’s a popular thing to bring food and cook
it by placing it on top of one of the natural sauna’s steam vents. The saunas actually already have a collection
of pots and pans ready for anyone to use to cook their food! 7 – La Rinconada
La Rinconada is the highest town in the whole world, and it’s a literal goldmine, but
we’ll get to that later. La Rinconada is located over 3 miles above
sea-level at 16 thousand seven hundred thirty two feet. La Rinconada, in southern Peru, is home to
roughly 50,000 people. It’s a secluded town that doesn’t see many
people except for the residents that live there. It’s incredibly difficult to get to the town. There aren’t scheduled bus routes between
La Rinconada and the larger, nearby towns. And travelers have to prepare for the altitude
before making their ascent. At the town’s elevation, visitors very commonly
encounter ailments such as altitude sickness, headaches, nausea or shortness of breath if
they don’t properly prepare. The town was once only a temporary settlement. But it’s quickly grown in recent years. From 2001 to 2009, the town’s population grew
by an astonishing 230%! Why? Because word got out that the town sat on
top of a literal goldmine. When the price of gold increased in the early
2000s, miners flocked to the town to try and get rich. But those aspirations came with a cost. The miners and their families had to endure
extreme conditions on a daily basis. The economy of La Rinconada revolves around
the mine, as gold is pretty much the only resource the city has. The crazy thing is the work arrangement workers
have with the company that owns the mines. Miners work through the month and receive
no pay. However after their 30-day shift, they’re
welcome to leave the mine hauling as much ore as they can possibly carry on them. The catch of course is that there’s no way
to tell how much gold, if any, is present in the ore they lug home. It’s all a matter of luck! What’s even crazier is the town itself. For a town that has tens of thousands of people
living there, it still somehow doesn’t have running water or sewage system! The city planners were completely unprepared
for the flood of hopeful miners in such a short amount of time. No permanent city services were ever anticipated. With no running water or sewage system, that
also means that there’s also no trash service. Residents either bury the trash or just burn
it in the streets! Obviously, there are plenty of residents who’ll
just leave trash anywhere. Despite the abysmal conditions and shady pay
structure, the population holds steady. The Peruvian government doesn’t seem to
want to take control of the situation. The mining company obviously doesn’t want
to disrupt its practically free labor. As long as the gold keeps coming, the highest
city in the world will stay. 6 – Saint Helena
Saint Helena is easily one of the most isolated places in the world. It’s so isolated, the journey there is a
journey in and of itself! Back just a few years ago, it used to take
anywhere from 7-14 days JUST to get to this British Overseas Territory! For example, in order to get to Saint Helena
from London, this is what you needed to do. First you had to fly to Cape Town, South Africa,
which is around a 12 hour nonstop flight. Then you would have to take a boat to the
island that took took 5 to 7 days because it’s basically in the middle of the Atlantic
Ocean! But thankfully, this isolated island now has
an airport, so it’s much easier to get there! However, that doesn’t mean that people actually
go there a lot. Currently it’s nickname is the world’s
most useless airport, but the British government is hoping that will change with its 375 million
dollar investment. Tourism is just exactly what Saint Helena
needs. Not just so the UK government can stop giving
aid to the islanders, but also to allow them to start new businesses. There are almost 4500 residents on Saint Helena. The average annual income is only a little
more than nine thousand dollars! If tourism takes off, it would change the
lives of people on the island. So what’s there to do on the island? Well, for one, there’s 45 square miles of
exploration. It’s kind of a lost paradise because there’s
very little tourism to speak of on the island. The island has essentially an unspoiled natural
environment with ecosystems ranging from rainforest to desert. Its waters are present with numerous opportunities
for whale- and dolphin-watching. Saint Helena also has a lot of historical
significance. This island was the place of exile for Napoleon! This is where the best promise for tourism
comes in. St. Helena currently has a small amount of
French visitors who come to see the sites linked to their country’s former emperor. These sites include Longwood House, where
Napoleon was living until he passed in 1821. Another site is The Briars, his first residence
on the island. The Valley of the Tomb is where he was buried
before his body was repatriated. Here’s a fun fact, the Napoleonic Estates
are actually under direct French administration and enjoy extraterritorial status. The French flag is raised over the estates,
and France maintains a consul on the island that takes care of their preservation! 5 – Palmerston Island
Palmerston Island is known as the island at the end of the world! It’s a small pacific island that’s visited
by a supply ship only twice in an entire year! That’s because the total population is just
around 60. Most of the residents are actually the descendants
of one single man who settled on this island over 150 years ago, William Marsters! Part of the Cook Islands, Palmerston is one
of a handful of islands connected by a coral reef that surrounds the waters of a central
lagoon. But within this entire area the reef sits
too high in the water for sea planes to land. And outside of it the ocean is just too rough. It’s also too far from anywhere for a normal
helicopter to fly to. So by boat is the only way in! The extreme journey prevents all but the most
determined of visitors from ever reaching the island. It’s just a tiny area of land surrounded
by thousands of miles of ocean. If you ever come to this island, the only
thing you’ll see are the locals. This island receives all the basic amenities
in a very limited amount. The island only has power for a few hours
a day and that means internet for only a few hours a day. Aside from exports, government jobs are the
primary source of income for the residents of Palmerston. Three family heads and an equal number of
deputies form the Island Council, the local governing body. The national government essentially compensates
the Islanders for their work governing themselves! However, fishing takes up most of the day
for many Palmerstonians. Fish is their only export, and it’s also
what the staple food is. The locals also grow starchy staples such
as taro and sweet potatoes. To further supplement the Palmerston diet,
they also raise pigs and chickens. Whatever they don’t make, they get from
the supply ship! However, what these guys don’t get on the
supply ship are definitely some crazy exotic food, such as pufferfish or Hakarl, which
is fermented shark! Find out more in our video on the most dangerous
foods people actually eat! For some residents, Palmerston’s isolation
is a reason to leave. Between 1950 and 1970, the population was
as high as 300, but now it’s just in the sixties. With such a small number of residents, many
of the younger residents are hoping to leave for cities hundreds of miles away where life
is more modern. But most importantly, there’s a bigger choice
of potential spouses! 4 – Whittier, Alaska
The town of Whittier, Alaska might be the most remote and hard-to-access towns in the
US! The only way to get to Whittier by land is
through a 2.6-mile tunnel. And if you want to get to Whittier by tunnel,
you’ll have to get there during the day because the tunnel closes at night! Also the tunnel takes turns running in opposite
directions every 30 minutes. The total population of the town is just around
220 people! So how did the town come to be? The U.S. Army built Begich Towers and Buckner
Building as a home base to be used during the Cold War. When the Army decided that it didn’t really
need the Alaskan outpost, it basically abandoned the buildings. The residents that stayed behind just took
over the buildings! However, these days, Buckner Building sits
unused. Interestingly enough, Begich Towers and Buckner
Building were the tallest buildings in the state of Alaska at one point! One reason so few people live here is because
of the weather. Winter winds can easily blow at a speed of
80 miles per hour and snowfall can go as high as 55 feet annually. And that’s why almost all the residents live
in one big building called Begich Towers. The towers has everything they need under
one roof. And that’s why, Whittier’s nickname is…….the
“town under one roof”. There’s a laundromat, a convenience store,
and also a health clinic. There’s even a church in the basement! And a police station on the main floor! The residents of the town help support many
different industries. Commercial fishing and tourism are also staples
for the town. The annual visiting population is actually
over 700,000 people according to the town’s website. That’s because there’s actually a cruise
ship that visits the town by sea! If you want to visit and stay overnight, there
IS June’s Whittier Condo Suites on the top two floors. Resident June Miller outfitted all of her
bed and breakfast rooms with binoculars. A lot of residents keep binoculars to watch
the natural wildlife. But according to June, they also use binoculars
to find out if their wife or husband is at the local bar! 3 – Supai Village
Imagine a place that still gets its mail by mule. That’s Supai Village, the only town left
in America that gets mail this way! Despite being one of the most visited places
in the US, the Grand Canyon area in Arizona still has a secret little town located at
the bottom of Havasu Canyon. It’s the only town inside the Grand Canyon
and it’s located deep inside a 3,000-foot-deep hole! The only way to reach Supai is by foot, helicopter,
or by mules. And that’s why mail is still delivered the
old-fashioned way! All of the residents get their mail by “mule
train”. That’s a series of linked mules carrying
packages and letters! Supai is home to the Havasupai tribe, which
is the smallest Indian tribe in US with a total population of just around 600. They’ve lived in the area for more than
a thousand years. But of course, they’ve had to fight for
their right to stay on their land. The name Havasupai means “people of the
blue-green water”. The tribe has spent the last ten centuries
farming and hunting within the canyon. But these days, the tribe is known for their
traditional cultural life and their iconic coiled baskets. Just a little over 200 people live in Supai
according to the latest census. The secrecy of the village and the waterfalls
of the Havasupai creek are a couple of the main factors why tourism is rising in Supai. Visitors can stay at the Havasupai Lodge or
just do it the more traditional way of camping. Although tourism makes up a large portion
of the village’s income, tourists are constantly reminded that the region is at mother nature’s
mercy. Flash floods are quite common! During a major storm in 2010, 143 tourists
had to evacuate and three pack horses were swept away. It took years for the village to make post-flood
repairs! 2 – Santa Cruz del Islote
Santa Cruz del Islote Island is an island that’s filled with adventure, thrill, joy,
and energy. Why’s the island that way? That’s because it’s an island that has
a youth population of over 65%! The island is located in Columbia’s San
Bernardo Archipelago. Here on the island, a population of up to
roughly twelve hundred people live on an island the size of two football fields in the middle
of the Caribbean! This is easily one of the most densely populated
islands on the planet! Houses are built extremely close to each other,
because space is at a premium here. Around 115 houses are crammed onto the island. The economy is based on fishing, services,
and a bit of tourism. A lot of locals work at luxury hotels on neighbouring
islands. The people living on the island are quite
happy with their way of life, and they live it on their own terms and pace. For example, the nightlife of the island is
iconic as people often party a lot on the island, sometimes for as long as 3 days! However, Santa Cruz del Islote is also poor. There’s no clean drinking water or sewage. That means that there are problems handling
trash and pollution in general. But interestingly, with that sort of poverty,
there’s essentially zero crime on the island. That’s definitely a big difference with
the high rates of crime in other poor cities and towns that are bigger. The houses are wide open but there are literally
zero cases of robbery or theft on the island. The reason why is because there’s a strong
community spirit here. Anyone that needs help can count on the support
of their neighbours. So there’s really no need to steal. Plus, with such a small community, people
are going to find out anyways! And that’s the reason why the locals decided
not to have any kind of police on the island. They actually think that having police on
the island would only make matters worse for the residents. As for the future of the island, there are
concerns that the island will be gone with the rising sea levels. But despite that, the people are proud to
live there. They claim that it’s more than just people
living on an island, because it’s a culture, a way of life. They don’t want to be any place else. Well that’s the older generation anyways. The internet has made the younger generation
a lot more aware of what’s off the island. Apparently, a lot of them plan to leave the
island to build their lives off the island! 1 – Longyearbyen
Located just 800 miles from the North Pole, Longyearbyen is a small town located in northern
Norway. It’s supposedly the world’s northernmost
town. The town is located deep within the Arctic
Circle and it doesn’t see sunlight for around four months out of the year! Considering this is the northernmost town
in the world, the temperature here is literally absolutely freezing. With average low temperatures going all the
way down to negative 6 degrees fahrenheit in february, it’s an extremely cold and
very difficult for people to live. But that’s still not exactly stopping people
from moving there! 121 people moved to Longyearbyen the first
half of 2019! This represents the biggest growth for the
town located since 2009. As if the cold isn’t enough, people also
have to deal with polar bears around town. They’re the reason why the administration
of the town encourages its residents to carry firearms with them at all times! So how did the town start? It used to be a coal-mining town. It was actually first known as Longyear City
until around 1926. That’s because the town was established
by and named after John Munro Longyear. Watch this next video to learn about The Most
DANGEROUS Foods People Actually Eat!

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