Há-vita- Macaronesian Forests

Há-vita- Macaronesian Forests


Overall, the forests of laurel tree and using its original definition, we could take woods from around the world. But the truth is that the word Laurisilva is used to describe only laurel woods, predominated by lauraceae species in the macaronesian region. So what we have is, Madeira, Canary islands a small part of Azores, and not as much Cape Verde, in which existed and still exists a wood covered by laurel species. These species are part of a remaining family from woods that might have existed in Europe. Traditionally, the so-called “happy islands” fortunate (Macaron), are the arquipelachos of Azores, Madeira, Canary Island and Cape Verde. If there are similarities, for example if plants from Canary are similar to the ones in Azores if the woods we find in Azores are similar from Madeira, if cape verde has the same type of wood as Azores and Madeira. This is what is important from a biogeographic point of view. Let’s say, there is a strong similarity between Madeira and Canary island. Some similarities between part of Madeira and part os Azores, And similar connections between Canary island and part of Cape verde. It is a linear relation and not a full connection among all archipelagos. Although there are common features, like the true laurel mutual to Madeira and Canary island. Persea indica is also present in Madeira as well as in Canary Islands. But there are other elements that distinguish them. Concerning these four archipelagos (Macaronesia), it is in Madeira, that we can find the best and most well preserved “Laurissilva stain”, from all Macaronesian region. For these same reasons, in 1999, Laurisilva forest became UNESCO World Natural Heritage.

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